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 About Lahore

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PostSubject: About Lahore   Mon 03 Aug 2009, 2:26 pm

Hi Today I am goning to tell you about Lahore

Lahore is a city of great dimensions. It is unique in many respects.In Modern period
now it is declared’ “Lahore is indeed the Heart of Pakistan” with it’s ever
green gaiety. It’s true and by the blessing of Allah if you go to any corner
of the city you will find shops open for Juices, milk, milk items, fruits,
paan, cigarettes, fish, tikka, paratha, naan and for many daisy items or
foods.There is always a hustle and bustle of devotees at the shrines paying
their love to the saintly men who are extremely successful in bringing the
non Muslim to the fold of Islam. You may always found some political or
social activity in some part of great city, which proves it’s heart beat.
Any movement in country takes sprint from this marvelous city. People
visiting this tremendous city always receive a warm welcome from it’s
natives, who are very truly called “Zinda Dalan-e-Lahore”.


Bearing many fascinating historical monuments, marvelous
places, Lively people, delicious and spicy typical foods, colorful culture
and festivals, arts and crafts, green pleasant lawns and gardens, political
and social activities, it’s true to believe in Punjabi statement “Jinhay
Lhore nahin waikhiya oh Jamiya hey nahin” (The person who didn't visit
Lahore he is not born”)Name And Foundation


In
the Deshwa Bhaga, previously mentioned, Lahore is called Lavpor, which at
once points to its origin from Lav, the son of Rama, while in the ancient
annals of Rajputana the name given is Loh Kot, meaning “the fort of Loh,”
which, again, has reference to its mythical founder, Rama’s son. Turning to
the Mahomedan period, the best authorities on the early Mahomedan conquests
of India, are the historians of Scindh, for it was in that quarter that the
first storm of those conquests under the Khalifat burst. Fatuhul Baldun,
believed to be one of the earliest Arabic Chronicles, which gives an account
of the first conquests of the Arabs in Syria, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Persia,
Armenia, Transoxiana, Africa, Spain and Scindh, calls Lahore by the name of
A’lahwur. The book, which is the work of Ahmad bin Yahya, surnamed
Al-Biladuri, who lived at the Court of Baghdad towards the middle of ninth
century of the Christian era, in the Khalifat of Al-m’tamid-Billah, is
frequently cited by Ibn-I-Haukal, Almasudi and other ancient Arabic
geographers. In times as early as the Khalifut of Umar, an expedition was
sent under Hakam, son of Abul’asi, of the tribe of Sakif, to Baruz (Broach)
and Debal. During the reign of Usman, Hakim, son of Jahalla-al’abdi, was
sent to the confines of Hind ‘in order to acquire knowledge and bring back
information.’ In the beginning of the year 39 A.H. (659 A.D.), during the
Khalifat of Ali, son of Abu Talib, Haras, son of Marral ‘Abdi, proceeded.
With the sanction of the Khalif, to the same frontier, as a volunteer. He
reached Kekan in Scindh, was victorious and made captive, but was
subsequently slain.In the year 44 A.H. (664 A.D.), and in the days of the
Khalif Mu’awiya,” continues our author, “Mohallab, son of the Abu Safra,
made war upon the same frontier, and advanced as far as Banna (Bannu) and
Alahwar (Lahore) which lie between Multan and Cabul. The enemy opposed him
and killed him and his followers.The great traveller Al-Idrisi, of Morocco,
in his work the Nuzhatulmushtak-fi-Iftikharul Afak, writing in the ninth
century, calls it Lohawar. The termination ‘Awar is a corruption of the
Sanscrit word Awarna, meaning fort, and is affixed to many Indian towns,
such as Sanawar, Bijawar, Peshawar. Lobawar would, thus, simply mean “fort
of Loh,” and the name would establish its identity with the “Loh Kot” of the
Hindu Puranas.Abu Rehan Al-Biruni, in his celebrated work, the Kanun,
speaking from his personal knowledge of the country at the time of Mahmud’s
invasion, towards the close of the tenth century, mentions, in his
description of the Himalayan mountains, that “they can be seen from Tacas
(Taxila?) and Lahawar (Lahore).” M. Reinaud, in his Fragments, and Elliot,
read it as Lauhaour, Lohaovar, Loharu and Lahor. Amir Khusrow, of Delhi,
writing in the latter part of the thirteenth century, calls it Lahanur in
his well-known work the Kiranus-sa’den. He says:- “From the confines of
Samania to Lahanur, There is no walled (city) but Kasur.”Mr. Thornton
suggests that Lahanur is a corruption of Luhanagar, nur being the Dakhani
form of nagar, as appears from the names of other towns, such as Kalanore,
Kananore, ...etc.Rashid-ud-Din, in his Jamiut Tawarikh, completed in A.H.
710, or A.D. 1310, calls it Lahur, “than which,” he says, “there is no
stronger fort.”Al Biruni also mentions Lahore as a Province, the capital of
which was “Mandhukur” on the east of the river Irawa (Ravi). Baihanki calls
it “Mandkakur”. Lahore is also called by the Mahomedan historians Lohar,
Loher and Rahwar, the origin of the last name being explained by the fact of
its situation on the great imperial roads to Cabul, Kashmir and Agra.[/size]

In whatever form it may have
been written by the early Mahomedan writers, it is manifest from the above
summary that the name, Lahore, has clear reference to its founder, and that
founder was, in all probability, Loh, the son of Rama
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PostSubject: Part 2   Mon 03 Aug 2009, 2:28 pm

Date of
Foundation
The
early history of Lahore is involved in so much obscurity that it is
impossible to discover the exact date of its foundation. Of its Rajput Hindu
origin there can be little doubt. From the writings of eminent Arabic
geographers and the early Mahomedan historians of Scindh, a resume of which
has been given above, it may, moreover, be fairly concluded that Lahore was
a town of some importance during the early days of the Khalifat, or about
the middle of the seventh century of the Christian era.


Colonel Tod in
his Annals of Rajistan, assigns the middle of the second century as the date
of the migration of Prince Kenekson from Lahore. The learned author, who,
from the earliest period of his official connection with Rajistan, applied
himself diligently to collecting and imploring its oldest historical
records, bases his information on the sacred genealogy from the Puranas, the
Mahabharat, the poems of Chand, the voluminous historical records of
Jesselmir, Marwar and Mewar, the genealogical rolls of antiquity, obtained
from the tribal bards and priests, biographical anecdotes furnished by men
of intellect in the country, and inscriptions calculated to reconcile dates
:- “In short,” writes the author, “every corroborating circumstance was
treasured up which could be obtained by incessant research during sixteen
years.” From at least ten genealogical lists, derived from the most opposite
sources, Colonel Tod finds Kanekson to be the founder of the Mewar dynasty,
and assigns his emigration from Loh Kot (Lahore) to Dwarica in Samvat 201,
or A.D. 145. The country of Ayuddhia (Oudh), of which Rama was the monarch,
is, in the ancient chronicles of the Hindus, called Khushala, from the
mother of Rama whose name was Khushalia. The first royal emigrant from
Lahore is styled in the archives of the Rana of Mewar, Khushala putra, ‘son
of Khushala.’ From Loh, the son of Rama, the Ranas of Mewar claim their
descent. He built Lahore, the ancient Loh Kot, and ‘his branch, from which
the kings of Mewar are descended, resided there until Kanekson emigrated to
Dwarica.’ Of the period of this king’s migration from Lahore there can,
therefore, be no doubt.The conclusions drawn by Colonel Tod, on the
authority of the ancient scriptures of the Hindus, receive further
corroboration from the classical writers of the East. It was about the time
referred to by Colonel Tod as the probable period of Prince Kenekson’s
migration from Lahore, namely, the middle of the second century that
Claudius Ptolemeus, surnamed Ptolemy, the celebrated astronomer and
geographer, wrote his geography, which was used as a text-book by succeeding
ages. He flourished in Alexandria in 139 A.D ; and there is evidence of his
having been alive in 161 A.D. In his geography he mentions a city called
Labokla, situated on the route between the Indus and Palibothra, or
Pataliputra (Patna), in a tract of country called Kasperia (Kashmir),
described as extending along the rivers Bidastes (Jhelam), Sandabal or
Chandra Bhaga (Chenab), and Adris (Ravi). This place, from its name and
locality, Wilford would identify with Lahore. With this inference General
Cunningham agrees, identifying Lahore with the Labokla of Ptolemy, and
taking the first two syllables, Labo, to represent the name of Lava (or
Lov), the son of Rama. The identification was, according to the same
authority, first made in Kiepert’s Map of India according to Ptolemy, which
accompanied Lassen’s ‘Indische Alterthums Kunde.’The traveller, Alexander
Burnes, noticing the traditions of Cabul in his travels writes of the
foundation of Lahore :-“ In Cabul itself there are not exactly traditions of
Alexander, but both Heart and Lahore are said to have been founded by the
slaves of that conqueror, whom they call a prophet. Their names were Heri
(the old name of Heart) and Lahore. Candahar is said to be an older city
than either of these.”But the entire absence of the name of Lahore, or any
city with a name approaching it, which may be fairly identified with it, in
the writings of the historians of Alexander, coupled with the fact that no
coins of Indo-Bactrian or Indo-Scythic dynasties have been discovered at
lahore or in its neighbourhood, has led scholars to conclude that the city,
if it existed at the time of Greek invasion, was of no importance up to, at
least, the first century after Christ.Bernier, who visited Lahore in 1664
A.D., suggests its identification with the ancient Bucephals Burnes would
identify Lahore with Sanghala, mentioned by Arrian and Curtius, the
classical writers, as the stronghold of the Kathaean or Khatri tribe. This
is the Sanghala of Alexander, mentioned also by Diadorus, and recognized as
the Sakala of the Brahmans and the Sagal of the Budhists. But its position,
65 miles from the bank of the Hydraotes (Ravi), precludes the identity of
its situation with that suggested by the enterprising traveller. Yet both
Curtius and Arrian agree in stating that Alexander crossed the Hydraotes
(Ravi) before advancing against Sanghala to punish the insurgent Kathaeans,
described as a “free Indian nation.” There can, therefore, be no doubt that
the conqueror crossed the Ravi in the immediate neighbourhood of Lahore,
which “was most probably the position of his camp when he heard of the
recusancy of the Kathaean.” But it must have been a place of no importance
at the time of the Macedonian invasion, or it would have, doubtless, been
mentioned by the Greek writers.When the celebrated Chinese pilgrim, Hwen
Thsang, visited the Panjab in 630 A.D., he found the walls of Sanghala
completely ruined, but their foundations still remained ; and-in the midst
of the ruins he found a small portion of the old city, still inhabited by
Budhist monks, who studied the esoteric doctrines of Budha. According to the
Chinese traveller, Taki, or Asarur (believed by General Cunningham to be the
Pimparama of Alexander), about two miles to the south of the high road
between Lahore and Pindi Bhatian (or 45 miles from the former and 24 from
the latter), was the capital of the Panjab in A.D. 633.


Now, the pilgrim, in his itinerary, makes no mention of Lahore, or any city
answering its name or description, though he was in Chinapatti (the modern
Patti in Kasur) for 14 months, and Jalandhra (the Kulindrine of Ptolemy) for
four months, and had travelled the whole country from Kashmir to Pragia,
Ujjen and Kannoj. He notes that he halted for a whole month (November 633
A.D.) at a large town on the eastern fronteir of Taki. General Cunningham
would identify this large town with Kasur, as the kingdom extended to the
Bias river on the east, and the great city should be looked for on the line
of the Bias, and not on the Ravi.


From the mention, however, of the name of Lahore in the
geography of Ptolemy before mentioned, Mr. Thornton approximately fixes the
date of its foundation “at the end of the first or the beginning of the
second century of the Christian era.” If we review history, the city was
founded, deserted and re-founded several times during the course of ages
before it attained the state of historic continuity under the Muslims.


The manner in
which the name has passed through various layers of history shows that there
is something in the name, which could withstand the vicissitudes of changing
times; and could with adaptation take over new forms to satisfy the urges
and aspirations of the people of various ages. The lure and luster that
attaches to the name of Lahore is not the work of one man; it is a heritage
that has been enriched by the contributions of various people at different
stages of history. Here now we’re going to review about the latest situation
of this dynasties city. Because now it’s called heart of Pakistan.Pakistan
has five provinces
1)
Punjab,


2) Serhad or (NWFP --- North West Frontier Province),


3) Sind,


4) Balochistan and


5) Azad Jamu and
Kashmir (Kashmir’s major part is occupied by India).

The city Lahore is capital of Punjab Province. It occupies a centralposition,
and it’s generally called Heart of Pakistan. The Latitude of Lahore is 31 –
34 ’5” North And Longitude is situated 74 – 21’ East. The city is situated
on the flat alluvial plain at an average altitude of 706 feet above sea
level. Parts of city are situated at a slightly higher level on mounds of
the debris of former cities. It’s built in form of parallelogram, the area
with in the walls, exclusive of the citadel, being about 461 acres. It
stands on the alluvial plain traversed by the river Ravi. The city is
slightly elevated above the plain, and has a high ridge within it, running
east and west on its northern side. The whole of this elevated ground is
composed of the accumulated debris of many centuries. The ricer, which makes
a very circuitous bend from the East, passes in a semi-circle to the north
of Lahore.At on time it flowed by the city walls; but, its encroachments
have caused alarm in 1662, the Emperor Aurangzeb had a massive embankment of
bricks and mortar constructed along its bank for a distance of about four
miles, which saved the city from destruction. Portions of this huge work,
called Band-I-Alamgiri, are still to be seen on the north east of the
citadel, and village of Bhogoi – Wall. The river Ravi soon after abandoned
its old channel, and has never since returned to it, though an arm of the
main stream at present flows at a short distance from the fort. The Ravi
the smallest of the five rivers which give the Panjab its present
designation, was known in the hindu Shastras as the the Iravati. Entering
the district by the village Ichogil, it runs through its entire breadth, and
leaves it on the borders of the Montgomery district. The gr5eat Bari Doab
Canal is an offshoot of this river, and it throws out several other
branches, which however, subsequently rejoin the main stream. The river is
not navigable on account of the tortuous nature of its current, but grain
finds its way down the river from Lahore to Rori Bhakkar, and deodar wood is
floated down in rafts from chamba hills.
Lahore is city of gardens
and has the reputation of being the ‘Green City’. It’s Climate is very
healthy and salubrious. Except for some days in the summer Lahore is a
pleasant place to live. Winter and places here from October to March
beginning, then spring comes for a short period up to maximum April end.
After that summer period set ins which go at peak in June and July although
these two months are also rainy. Summer season lasts in September in form of
fall season, which tends to recycle --- means again winter. In September
pinch of summer over and the nights become cool.Hundred years ago the city
was confined to the walled city, an area of square mile only. With passage
of time many far away towns become part of it, like Ichara, Saman abad,
Baghban pura, Kumhiyaar pura, dharma pura, kotha pind, Sanda,
Shahdera……etc.But in last decade these boundries are more expended. In East
it is expended up to Jallo border – 28 km, in north it is limiting about
Qasoor area 38 km from center, while west side is going up to Rai wind about
42 km. The boundaries of southern area is mixing with Imamia colony which is
situated at 22 km from the secretariat. Lets take an update over view of the
city. Now it’s divided into 148 union councils. Actually Lahore is not grown
under any specific plan. The city now comprises following regions:- River
Ravi, the lower Bari Doab Canal, the railway lines and the arterial riads
are important
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PostSubject: Part 3   Mon 03 Aug 2009, 2:30 pm

Shahdera
Region
Entire
area across river Ravi. Shahdare town, Barkat town, Rechna town, Ascolony,
Begum Kot, Kot Abdul Malik, Bhutto colony, Christian colony, Farooq nagar,
Ilm Din colony, Ravi town, Rasul Nagar, Raja colony, Malakpura, Jia Musa,
Islamia Colony, Peoples colony etc.ern Region :-
The
northern region is the entire area to the north of the G.T. road. It
includes: Qila Lachmen Singh, Badami Bagh, Faruq Gunj, Misri Shah, Whad
Bagh, Wasan Pura, Faizbagh, Kachupura, Sultan Pura, Tezab Ahata, Khui Miran,
Kot Khawaja Saeed, Begum Pura, Singh Pura, Boghiwal, Baghbanpura,
Barkatpura, Daroghewala, Mahmud Buti, Shadipura, Moman Pura, Amar Town, Awan
pura, Nishter town, …etc. Mughal Pura region :- The Mughal Pura region is
engidled by the G.T. road, the railway line, and the lower bari canal. This
includes Mughal pura, Ganj, Mujahid Abad (Ramgarh), Miskin Pura, Nabi pura,
Fateh garh, Salamat pura, Harbanspura, Habibia colony, Ghazi Abad (Kumaar
Pura), Muslimabad. ..etc.

Contaonment
Region
The
contaonment region is bounded by lower Bari Doab canal in the north and the
Karachi railway line is in the west. It includes cantonement, Defense
Housing Society, Walton and Faisal town.

Kotlakhpat
Region


The Kotlakhpat area is region is the area across the
railway line. It Includes railway line, Amarsidhu, Township, Green Town,
Bagrian, Gulistan Colony, Laqatabad ..etc.

Model
Town Region
The Model
Town Region is bounded by Ferozepur road, in the east and the lower Bari
Doab Canal in the west. It comprises Model Town, Davisabad, Garden Town,
Sirdar Shaukat Hayat Colony etc.

Gulberg
Region
The
Gulberg region is included in the triangle formed by the railway line,
Ferozpur Road, and the Lower Bari Doab Canal. It includes Gulberg Colony,
Guru Mangat and Mian Mir.

Samanabad
Region
The
Samanabad Region is comprised in the area bounded by the Lower Bari Doab
canal. Ferozepur road, Bahawalpur road and Multan Road. It also includes
Ichhra, Muslim town, Wahdet colony, Shahid colony, Rehman colony, Najaf
colonuy, Clifton colony, Christian town, Samanabad, Pakki Thatti, Nawakot.

Multan
Road Region
The
Multan Road Region includes Badarpura, Meharpura, Chiragh colony, Hanjarwal,
Ittehad colony, Sodiwal, Thokar, Yasrab colony, Raajgarh, Ram nagar,
Sandakalaan, Sanda Khourd, Islampura (Krishannagar), Sunnat nagar (Sant
nagar) Sham Nagar, Bilal Ganj, Mohini road, Bagh Munshi Ladha, Kasurpura,
Ravi road.

Civil
Line region
The Civil
Line region is bounded by the southern side of the circular road, the
railway line, the Bari Doab canal, the Feroze pur road, the Bahawal pur road
and the lower Mall. It includes Anarkali, Nila Gimbad, Dhobi Mandi, Gawal
Mandi, Qila Gujar Singh, Mohammad Nagar, Naulakha, Garhi Shahu, Dharum-pur,
Mozang, Bhondpura, Shadman colony …etc.


Thanks...... Bye...... Pakistan Flag Pakistan Flag Pakistan Flag Pakistan Flag Pakistan Flag Pakistan Flag Pakistan Flag Pakistan Flag Pakistan Flag Pakistan Flag
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PostSubject: Re: About Lahore   Tue 04 Aug 2009, 11:05 am

Itni zada details

nice work

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PostSubject: Re: About Lahore   Tue 04 Aug 2009, 1:36 pm

Very Long Detail..btw thanks bht achay Smile
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PostSubject: Re: About Lahore   Thu 10 Sep 2009, 4:36 pm

nice sharing
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